The appendix, gunnery event device suitability, shows the devices described in chapters 3 through 9 by type, with their suitability code for tanktable training. Naval ordnance and gunnery is the most definitive book to emerge from wwii on the subject of naval ordnance and fire control. Devices and aids for training m1 tank gunnery in the. The term generally refers to tubelaunched projectilefiring weapons and excludes selfpropelled projectiles like torpedoes, rockets, and missiles and those simply dropped overboard like depth charges and naval mines. Gunner observe loaders action in checking replenisher indicator tape. The first part of the following manual deals largely with naval weapons, and is intended to provide the student with a basic conception of gun design and construction. Nov 01, 20 accordingly, in june, 1943, the preparation of naval ordnance and gunnery was authorized, and authors were selected to prepare the manuscript. Naval ordnance and gunnery revised editionmarch 1946 navpers 16116a.
Field artillery manual cannon gunnery contents army publishing. Earlier, the company c crew achieved a rare perfect. Standards outlined in this chapter are starhng points lor performanceoriented gunnery which will be testedin the tank crew gunnery skills test and duing a multiple engagement, valiable target sequence,combatgudnelycoulse. In 19, the admiralty rejected arthur pollens argo system for the dreyer fire control tables. Contents rosoboronexport 5 medvedka smallsize antisubmarine missile system. The following is a study of ordnance recovered from the wreck of the portuguese ship santissimo sacramento, sunk off salvador, brazil, in may of 1668.
Tank crew scores 1,000 on gunnery exercise news stripes. The list of abbreviations related to tcgst tank crew gunnery skill test. Standards and curriculum division training bureau of naval personnel march, 1946 table of contents. Operation of the gun direction computer m18, cannon gunnery application. Treat in detail those elements of tank materiel and gunnery not covered in publications. Fm 1712 tank gunnery 19610503 this manual is divided into five parts. Fm 1712 armored force field manual, tank gunnery 1943. Wwii bendix chin turret b17 gunnery manual operation. In order to know that you are a human as opposed to a web bot or scraper, please enter the two words separated by a space in the recaptcha box below. Traditionally, ships rolled with the waves as gunners tried to fire when iron sites aligned with their oscillating targets. Modern tank guns are largecaliber highvelocity guns, capable of firing kinetic energy penetrators, high explosive anti tank rounds, and in some cases guided missiles.
The good news is that this book is extremely focused, richly detailed, and surprisingly fascinating. All gun tubes are free of dirt or obstruction prior to firing service ammunition. Using the ground as a starting point and rooftops as points of reference. Mar 23, 2015 gunnery standards for individuals, crews,sections,and platoonsare basedon hitting the target as fast as possible. From the 1880s, the barrier to development of long range naval gunnery was the wooden ship era mindset. Basic explanation of electricity and magnetism in the turrets operation. Grenades used to look just like cartoon bombs a metal ball with a match cord coming out of the top you light the end, throw it, and hope it doesnt go off too soon. The next file comes in four parts, and for the true devotees, there is a great deal of detail to take in. Because the naval gun platform was itself in motion, finding a firing solution was a significant problem made all. The sherman mounted six different guns, but not on all versions, now with gun data sheets. Chapters 3 through 11 cover the current inventory of tank gunnery training devices and usage strategies. Encyclopedic in content, the text runs nearly 600 pages and is richly illustrated with photos and diagrams of systems used on destroyers, cruisers, battleships and other warships. It presents in detail the principles, methods, and techniques of direct fire.
The gunnery pocket book san francisco maritime national. Most playtesting for battlefleet was conducted using this scale, and within the rules text, the term vessel, model or ship also applies to any base upon which that model might be mounted. Its purpose is to exploit a unique collection of ordnance. This manual discusses naval gunnery as utilized aboard naval vessels. This ensures that each range is an independent effort. Part one outlines the purpose and scope of this manual. I dont know where i found this on the net, but if it was from you, or you know where i grabbed it from, ill be relieved to be able to give credit. Since im absolutely miserable at gunnery, i figured wed go to the experts in this field, the raf itself.
The breaking of the cut switch indicates that the range has been plotted, and the rangetaker is then free to take another range, but before doing so he throws the cut off by moving the working head. Part two presents general characteristics of tank armaments, turrets, armament controls, ammunition, and ballistics. Many naval historians now believe that, consequently, british dreadnoughts were fitted with a system that, despite being partly plagiarised from pollens, was inferior. The tc and gunner should master the preparatory tank gunnery training requirements as outlined in fm 171212, chapter, before. Abrams m1a1 tank systems gunnery exercises consist of the following tank tables and in the following. Tank weapons gunnery simulation system how is tank weapons. The rifling for the entire length of the tube must be smooth and free of burrs and. Tank gunnery can take the tanker to the most outoftheway places, since the nature of shooting tanks necessitates removal from most civilization. Part one outlines the purpose and scope of this field manual. Operators and organizational maintenance manual including repair parts and special tools list including depot level repair parts for target holding mechanism, tank gunnery.
The great war world war i on all fronts is a trademark. Many experienced tankers cannot count the number of times they pulled fog watch at the ranges of grafenwoehr, or waited until the thunderstorms stopped at fort knox. A major exception to this is a primary tank range at grafenwoehr in germany, which is set within 1 kilometer of a neighboring town. At long and short ranges, a ship may only use one of its fire ratings during any one fire phase, and that rating must be compared against the corresponding. A tank is an armoured fighting vehicle designed for frontline combat.
Most relevant lists of abbreviations for tcgst tank crew gunnery skill test 1. The governing fact in gunfire at sea is that the gun is mounted on an unstable platform, a rolling ship. Standards and curriculum division training bureau of naval personnel march, 1946. Modern tank guns are largecaliber highvelocity guns, capable of firing kinetic energy penetrators, high explosive antitank rounds, and in some cases guided missiles.
Comdr clean exterior lens and vision devices on turret. However, the topic is broader than battleships and broader than the dreadnought era. Complete with bradley ifv, m1a1, a10 warthog, apache. This edition has a few small corrections and updates that were added by hand in 1949 that are reflected in the text. The foundation of any gunnery system is the gun and without the guns crew the gun. Todays tanks have fire control computer, laserrangefinders and this tech is only getting better. This manual is loaded with pictures, diagrams, and charts. Naval artillery is artillery mounted on a warship, originally used only for naval warfare, later also for shore bombardment and for antiaircraft use.
Continuing this movement across the desired object. Social factors discouraged the experimentation needed for gunnery improvement. The gunner would track the movement of the tracer round in flight, and upon impact with a hard. However, there is a tremendous amount of work involved, not to mention sleepless nights. Clean and inspect periscope and telescope interior. Studies of rifle marksmanship and tankbfv gunnery support the benefit of. Accordingly, in june, 1943, the preparation of naval ordnance and gunnery was authorized, and authors were selected to prepare the manuscript. The m3 75mm gun was a great tank gun for the time the sherman was first introduced to combat, and was based on a wellliked wwi french field gun. Feb 20, 2008 172 ar takes on a table xii gunnery at the korean training center. When it first saw combat it could punch through any german tank it faced, from just about any angle. Tank weapons gunnery simulation system how is tank weapons gunnery simulation system abbreviated. Maintenance team supports gunnery tables october 9, 2019 budgeting. Gunnery rating most vessels have two gunnery ratings. This constant motion obviously complicates the problem of holding a steady aim.
For more than half a century the big gun was the arbiter of naval power, but it was useless if it could not hit the target fast and hard enough to prevent the enemy doing the same. Field manual fm 17127 department of the army washington. Tcgst stands for tank crew gunnery skill test also tank crew gunnery skills test what is the abbreviation for tank crew gunnery skill test. The first couple chapters explain the evolution of the aerial threat during the interwar period and world war ii, the problem of fire control and effective gunnery, and the early development of guns and gunnery in each of the major navies. Move the eyes in short movements up the structure to the rooftop, then back down. The term generally refers to tubelaunched projectilefiring weapons and excludes selfpropelled projectiles like torpedoes, rockets, and missiles and those simply dropped overboard like depth. Necessary information pertaining to assault guns, antitank guns, and mortars is found in the references in appendix ii.
Changedmaterial is indicated by a colored bar in the margin or star preceding the material, make the following pagechanges. Tank gunnery 6 day fire 1 68 armor graph 1989 youtube. Importance of crew gunnery skills in near future tank. Prototype possibly for inclusion as a class in a sea warfare game. Prepare,t tae tank destroyer sch the correct sight picture. Operation of the gun direction computer m18, cannon. Mounting small scale vessels should be mounted on bases for ease of handling. Fm 1712 armored force field manual, tank gunnery 19430422 this manual provides the unit commander and the gunnery officer with a stepbystep outline of tank gunnery training and the necessary explanation and references. Far as i know during ww 2 tank gunnery was a very manual process and gunners skill was very important in scoring. This field manual fm explains all aspects of the cannon gunnery problem and presents a practical. The discussion of training methods is limited to tank guns. This volume is under construction, and will be completed as soon as time allows.
To the left, a line of tanks in the background prepare for. Tank weapons gunnery simulation system how is tank. Most had the m3 75mm gun, or the m1a1 76mm gun, but many were also equipped with the british 17 pounder, the m3 90mm, 3 inch at gun and the m2m4 105mm howitzer. Fm 1712 tank gunnery this field manual presents tank gunnery principles, methods, and techniques, and training exercises and proficiency tests applicable to all types and models of standard tanks.977 444 1128 172 69 902 760 1515 672 388 1606 1599 1255 535 1019 1315 1530 513 646 752 1211 533 1088 621 1005 707 1358 998 37 1317 78 496 1177 445 1641 778 592 1353 793 612 201 859 1010 381 455